A huge swath of Republican politicians have had ties to white supremacist groups like the Council for Conservative Citizens.
1. Jesse Helms, unabashed racist
Jesse Helms was the last unabashed racist politician in this country
. His ascension to Congress was largely due to his willingness to pick at the scab of slavery and segregation
, and to inflame racial resentment against African Americans. There have been many racists after him, but he was the last to stake his political career on it.
Back in 1984, a reporter summed up Helms Senate campaign. "Racial epithets and standing in school doors are no longer fashionable," the reporter wrote, “but 1984 proved that the ugly politics of race are alive and well. Helms is their master."
Helms launched a filibuster blocking a bill that would make Martin Luther King Jr’s birthday a national holiday. Helms campaign literature warned repeatedly about black voter registration drives. On election even he accused his opponent of being supported by "homosexuals, the labor union bosses and the crooks."
In 1990, in an election against African American Harvey Gantt,
Helms aired an ad, "You needed that job and you were the best qualified. But they had to give it to a minority because of a racial quota."
2. Jim "Raghead" Knotts
For this example, we don’t have to reach back too far. In the 2010 South Carolina Republican Primary, Knotts calls his political rival Nikki Haley and President Obama ragheads.
"We've already got a raghead in the White House, we don't need another raghead in the governor's mansion,” Knotts said. He later apologized for the slur, saying it was in jest that he made them. Haley won that primary.
3. Robert Byrd, pre-transformation
Shortly after his death earlier this year, the late Robert Byrd
’s personal story was told as one of great transformation. He did, later in life, become a champion of Civil Rights. However, during the early part of his career, he was a unabashed bigot and member of the Ku Klux Klan. Byrd was a Democrat.
“I am a former Kleagle of the Ku Klux Klan
in Raleigh County and the adjoining counties of the state ... The Klan is needed today as never before and I am anxious to see its rebirth here in West Virginia,” Byrd said.
In eulogizing Byrd, former President Bill Clinton made this explanation of Byrd's history with the KKK.
“He once had a fleeting association with the Ku Klux Klan, what does that mean? I’ll tell you what it means. He was a country boy from the hills and hollows from West Virginia. He was trying to get elected,” former President Bill Clinton said of Sen. Robert Byrd. “And maybe he did something he shouldn’t have done and he spent the rest of his life making it up. And that’s what a good person does. There are no perfect people. There are certainly no perfect politicians,” he added.
4. John McCain, no friend to Asians
During the 2004 Presidential election, Sen. John McCain told a group of reporters on his campaign bus
, "I hated the gooks. I will hate them as long as I live."
Gooks is a derogatory term used against Asians. Althought McCain later said he was referring speicifically to his prison guards and not all Asians, many Asian Americans took offense. And McCain refused to apologize. Despite the “gooks” remark, McCain was still considered a serious candidate in that election. And ironically, was not soundly defeated by Bush until the Bush campaign leveled their own race-baiting at him, claiming his adopted daughter was actually the love child of an adulterous affair he had with a Black woman.
5. James L. Hart, Tennessee, believer of all things Eugenics
In 2004, Hart
won the Republican Primary in Tennessee, vowing that if elected he would work toward keeping "less favored races'' from reproducing or immigrating to the United States. In campaign literature, Hart contends that "poverty genes'' threaten to turn the United States into "one big Detroit.''
"When I knock on a door and say white children deserve the same rights as everybody else, the enthusiastic response is truly amazing,'' he said
. Fortunately, he lost the General Election.
6. Sen. Trent Lott of Mississippi, "I didn't know they were racist."
In addition to praising the life and work of separatist Strom Thurmond, Lott also spoke to the white supremacist group the Council of Conservative Citizens no less than five times.
He later claimed that he had no idea the group was made up of white supremacists. But during one speech, he said they "stand for the right principles and the right philosophy."
7. Congressman Bob Barr of Georgia, the tip of the iceberg
actually touched of a fairly decent-sized scandal in 1998 for speaking at the CCC’s National Convention
. This resulted in a public distancing between the CCC and several prominent members of the Republican National Convention. If it weren't for Barr's utter disregard for minorities in this country, the more secretive alliance between the CCC and RNC may have never been exposed.
8. Pickaxe-wielding Lester Maddox
This former Gov. of Georgia was known for wielding baseball bats and pickaxes
in his fight to preserve segregation. He was a restaurant owner and actually got into politics following his refusal to serve black customers at his Pickrick restaurant. He served Georgia as Governor in 1966, but was term-limited, he then served at Lt. Governor in Georgia. He later ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1974 and for president in 1976, the candidate of the American Independent Party. He died in 2003. He was 87.
Maddox believed blacks were intellectually inferior to whites, that integration was a Communist plot, that segregation was somewhere justified in Scripture and that a federal mandate to integrate schools was "ungodly, un-Christian and un-American."
9. Miss. Gov. Haley Barbour, the most mainstream of them all
is actually being considered as a viable Republican candidate for the 2012 presidential race. Barbour, according to the CCC’s own news magazine called the Citizens Informer, along with 38 other federal officials have atended CCC events. Barbour has denied the association. But a former employee said she attended one event for him and realized immediately that the CCC were hate mongers. Later in 2003, Barbour was photographed at a CCC fundraising event with supporters and council officials inlcuding CCC Field Director Bill Lord. The CCC is believed to be partly responsible for Barbour’s defeat of incumbent Democrat Ronnie Musgrove
— who led the fight to change the Mississippi state flag.
When asked about what role the CCC played in his candidacy, he responded "Once you start down the slippery slope of saying, 'That person can't be for me,' then where do you stop?" he asked. "Old segregationists? Former Ku Klux Klan?"
Barbour easily defeated Musgrove.
10. State Rep. John Moore, no denial here
Moore has given at least two speeches to various CCC chapters. When asked about it, he said "Is the NAACP on you-all's hit list?" Moore said
, "Well, they need to be."
Moore said that he would "not brand" the CCC "as a KKK-style organization," and added that he felt "very comfortable" meeting with Council members.
"They had folks there in suits and ties, and folks who just left the garage," Moore said. "It was very diverse occupationally."
11. State Rep. Tommy Woods
Woods is one of the few legislators who actually admitted to his association with the CCC. He disputed the “hate-group” label. "That's not true, lady," he told the Intelligence Report
. "It's very conservative, Christian people that believe in Jesus as their savior. I've never known any one of them to do anything that would cause anyone any suffering. They've helped people."
12. South Carolina State Rep. Charles Sharpe.
Sharpe was a proud member and ardent defender of the CCC.
"They think like I do," Sharpe told The Miami Herald
. “Especially on the issue of racial intermarriage. Cows and horses don't mix. I don't want any of my people doing it."
Sharpe later went on to become South Carolina's commissioner of agriculture. He was arrested and charged with taking at least $20,000 in bribes to protect an illegal cockfighting ring.
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